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【英语快速记忆法】初中英语必考的12个重要句型

2018-10-10 10:42 52 0
简介
  下面这12个句型是每年中考英语一定会考到的,也是初中三年的最最高频的考点,所以,没有任何理由不掌握它们,12个,并不多哦,一起来学吧!  1. It's+adj.+for sb.+to do sth. 对某人来说做某事怎么样,  如 ...

  下面这12个句型是每年中考英语一定会考到的,也是初中三年的最最高频的考点,所以,没有任何理由不掌握它们,12个,并不多哦,一起来学吧!

  1. It's+adj.+for sb.+to do sth. 对某人来说做某事怎么样,

  如:

  It is dangerous for children to play in the street. 孩子们在街上玩是很危险的。

  2. It's time for sth. 是干某事的时间了;It's time(for sb.)to do sth.该干某事了。

      如:

  ①It's time for the meeting. 该开会了。

  ②It's time for us to go to school. 我们该上学了。

  3. It takes sb. some time to do sth.做某事花某人一些时间。

  sb. spend some time/money on sth./(in)doing sth. 某人花时间(金钱)在某事上/花时间(金钱)干某事。

  sth. cost sb. some money 某事花某人一些钱。

  pay some money for sth.为某事(物)付钱。如:

  ① It took me two hours to write the letter. 写这封信花了我两小时的时间。

  ② He spends half an hour(in)reading English every morning.他每天早上花半小时读英语。

  ③ He spends one hour on the housework every day. 他每天花一小时做家务。

  ④ The bike cost me 500 yuan. 这辆自行车花了我500元。

  ⑤ I spent 500 yuan on the bike. 我买这辆自行车花了500元。

  ⑥ I paid 500 yuan for the bike. 我花了500元买这辆自行车。

  重要提示:

  cost主语一般为物;spend, pay主语一般为人。例 ① 中it用作形式主语,动词不定式为真正主语。

  4. too+形容词/副词+to do... 太……以致不能……

      如:

  ① I was too excited to say a word.

  我激动得一个字也说不出来。

  ② Tom is too short to reach the apple.

  Tom太矮了,拿不到那个苹果。

  重要提示:

  这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加not,可以用so... that...结构改写。例句 ① 可以改写成:I was so excited that I couldn’t say a word.

  5. so that...以便/以致…… 

      如:

  ① They studied hard so that they could pass the exam. 为了能通过考试,他们学习很努力。

  ② They started early so that they caught the early bus. 他们起得很早,结果赶上了早班车。

  重要提示:

  在例句①中,是引导目的状语;在例句②中,是引导结果状语。一般来讲,若从句中含有情态动词,则so that引导的为目的状语。若无情态动词,则so that引导的为结果状语。

  6. 祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句 

      如:

  ①Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life. 努力工作,你就会过上幸福的生活。

  ②Hurry up,or we will be late for school. 快点,否则我们上学就迟到了。

  注意:以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写。例句②可以改写成:If we don't hurry up, we'll be late for school.

  7. 表达建议的句型,

      如:

  Why not do...? 为什么不……?

  Let's do... 让我们做……吧。

  Shall we do...?我们做……好吗?

  Would you like/to do...?

  你想要(做)……吗?

  Will you please do...?

  请你做……好吗?

  What(How)about doing...?

  做……怎么样?

  had better do/not do sth.

  最好做/不做某事。如:

  ①—Why not go and ask our teacher? ——为什么不去问问老师?

  —Good idea! Let's go. ——好主意!走吧!

  ②—Shall we go out for a walk? ——我们去散步怎么样?

  —No,Let's go to the zoo. ——不,我们去动物园吧。

  ③Will you please fetch some chalks for me?请你给我拿些粉笔,好吗?

  ④—What about singing an English song? ——唱首英文歌曲怎么样?

  —Wonderful! ——好极了!

  ⑤You had better put on the coat when you go out.你出去时最好把外套穿上。

  8. I don't think his answer is right.我认为他的答案不对。

  I can't believe she is right.我相信她是不对的。

  You don't think they will come tomorrow,do you?你认为他们明天不会来,是吗?

  重要提醒:

  think,believe,suppose等接宾语从句,表示否定时要否定主句。变为反意疑问句时,若主语是第一人称,简短问句与宾语从句的主谓语保持一致,若主句主语是其他人称,与主句主谓语保持一致。例句①变为反意疑问句应为:I can't believe she is right,is she?

  9. such+名词性词组+that...;so+形容词/副词+that... 如此……以致……

  如:

  ①She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师,我们都爱她。

  ②It was such a hot day that they didn't go out for a walk as usual.这么热的天气,他们没有像往常一样去散步。

  重要提醒:

  (1)“such+a(an)+形容词+名词+that...”,可以改写成“so+形容词+a(an)+名词+that...”,例句①可以改写成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her.

  (2)在“such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that...”结构中,形容词如果是many/few或much/little时,用so不用such,即:so+many/few+可数名词复数+that... ,so+much/little+不可数名词+that...。如:

  ①There are so many people in the room that I can't get in.

  房间里人太多,我进不去。

  ②The man has so much money that he can buy a car.

  那人很有钱,他能买一辆小汽车。

  10. there be...;either... or...;neither... nor...;not only... but also...

  如:

  ①There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box. 他的铅笔盒里有一支钢笔和两支铅笔。

  ②Not only you but also I want to go travelling. 不但你,我也想去旅游。

  ③Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai. 要么你去上海,要么我去上海。

  ④Neither you nor he is right. 你和他都不对。

  ⑤Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack和Tim都是英国人。

  重要提示:

  当这几个句型连接主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要遵循“就近原则”。对比both... and...来记忆,both... and...连接主语时视为复数。

  11. enough+名词+to do... 有足够的……做某事;形容词/副词+enough+to do... 足够……做某事。

      如:

  ①There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting. 有足够的地方容下这些人开会。

  ②The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box. 这个男孩儿力气够大,能搬动这只箱子。

  重要提示:

  enough作副词修饰形容词或副词时,放在所修饰词的后面,句子可以用so... that...句型改写。例句②可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.

  12. enjoy doing sth.喜欢(爱好)做某事;like to do/like doing sth.喜欢做某事。

      如:

  ①Do you enjoy listening to music? 你喜欢听音乐吗?

  ②I like to swim in the swimming pool. 我喜欢在游泳池中游泳。(喜欢到某一具体的地方游泳)

  ③I like swimming. 我喜欢游泳。(只讲喜欢这项运动)



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